Labour says the prime minister has "questions to answer" about her own time at the Home Office.
The group referred to as the "Windrush generation" relates to a ship named Windrush, which brought hundreds of Jamaican workers to United Kingdom shores in 1948.
A rapid riser in the government, Mr Javid's first task was to deal with the fallout from the Windrush scandal - moves to deport legal but undocumented elderly Caribbean immigrants.
The furor has grown since The Guardian reported that some people who came to the United Kingdom from the Caribbean in the decades after World War II had recently been refused medical care in Britain or threatened with deportation because they could not produce paperwork proving their right to reside in the country.
Over 70 dead after storm, rain hit Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan
Media reports said in Uttar Pradesh's Agra zone alone, at least 45 people were killed with 36 casualties in Agra zone alone. Three persons died in Bijnore, two in Saharanpur and one each in Bareilly, Chitrakoot, Rae Bareli and Unnao districts.
Her clampdown on illegal immigration, that began as a bid to identify those without papers, scooped up many elderly people from the Windrush generation - named after the ship that brought the first group of migrants from the West Indies in 1948.
They and many subsequent Commonwealth immigrants had an automatic right to settle in the U.K. But some have now been denied housing, jobs or medical treatment because of requirements that employers and doctors check people's immigration status.
The latest resignation comes just days before local council elections in Britain, due to be held on May 3, during which the Opposition parties will hope to capitalise on some of the upheaval in government. She has been replaced by Sajid Javid. The Prime Minister doesn't have a majority in the UK Parliament and is struggling with Brexit negotiations.
Javid said: "This review will seek to draw out how members of the Windrush generation came to be tangled in measures designed for illegal immigrants, why that was not spotted sooner, and whether the right corrective measures are now in place".
Netanyahu blasts Abbas for making "anti-Semitism" remarks on Holocaust
And how irresponsible for Abbas - a world leader of sorts - to spew such low-level, garden variety anti-Semitic canards. Meanwhile, Israeli PM Netanyahu and the US Ambassador to Israel have condemned Abbas for this antisemitic speech.
And in an email sent a few minutes earlier he said "neither I nor HS [Home Secretary] recognise the description of targets" that had been given to the select committee in the immediately preceding session by the Immigration Service Union. "So the terminology is incorrect and I think it is a phrase that is unhelpful and it doesn't represent our values as country to use that phrase". "Its treatment of the Windrush generation was not an aberration".
International Development Secretary Penny Mordaunt adds to her duties Rudd's other brief as minister for women and equalities.
Although James Brokenshire's return as Communities Secretary sees one ally of Mrs May return to the Cabinet - his previous stint in Northern Ireland will have helped prepare him well for negotiations over Yorkshire devolution - the Prime Minister's commitment to fighting political injustice appears hollow. May said she accepted that Rudd had spoken "in good faith" and was sorry to see her resign.
Oil steady; surprise U.S. crude build seen focused on West Coast
OPEC members have indicated they will not increase output before the end of the year, which will tighten the market further. However, analysts expect rising demand from Asia, led by China, to absorb part of the increase in USA supply.
Meanwhile, the European Parliament's Brexit co-ordinator Guy Verhofstadt called for Mr Javid to "go to all lengths to dispel any fears that what was visited on the Windrush generation will not be repeated in respect of EU citizens living in the United Kingdom".