The UPA government was in power from 2004-2014, and most of the investigation was done when it was in power.
However, the NIA in its 2013 charge-sheet in the 2006 Malegaon blasts case left out Aseemanand as the agency did not find any link. Her statement had made headlines.
Here's a brief look at previous cases which have gone against the NIA.
The acquittals of five accused in the Mecca Masjid blast case today prompted the Congress to question the functioning of the National Investigation Agency under the Modi government, but the BJP asserted that the court's decision had exposed the opposition party's politics of "defaming" Hindus for votes.
The prosecution had charged Sadhvi Pragya Thakur and Lt Colonel Shrikant Purohit with plotting the blast. He was arrested by the agency in November of same year. Special NIA judges are not appointed by Centre, he added.
Sanju Samsom blazes as Rajasthan Royals amass 217 for 5 against RCB
It was a relief for RCB fans last night when Virat Kohli's squad bagged their first win at the home ground of Chinnaswamy Stadium. The IPL fever has been gripping the entire nation resulting in cricket enthusiasts being excited about every match being played.
The Special National Investigative Agency (NIA) judge, who on Monday delivered the verdict in the 2007 Mecca Masjid blast case, has resigned.
The case was handed over to the CBI within a month, and then the NIA in 2011. The arrested men were released in 2008.
Two accused persons - Sandeep V Dange and Ramchandra Kalsangra - are still absconding.
Accused Sunil Joshi of Madhya Pradesh, a former Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) pracharak, was murdered when the case was investigated. However, only five of them who were acquitted on Monday faced trial.
Aseemanand has already been acquitted in the Ajmer Sharif Dargah blast case a year ago due to lack of evidence. The incident, which occurred in the courtyard of the dargah, popular as Ajmer Sharif, took place during the holy month of Ramzan just before Iftar festivities were to begin. "Today, I want to ask whether those nine innocents killed in the blast and dozens others injured were Indians or not", he said.
Presidency reacts to Salkida's claim on Chibok girls' deaths
The relentless onslaughts show not even children and schools are spared from Boko Haram's wrath - rather, they are the targets. Ahmad Salkida said he had negotiated for the release of the girls on the behalf of the government.
As Hindutva groups with BJP leaders in the forefront gloat over the acquittals of their fellow travellers in Mecca Masjid blasts case, a few facts need to be kept in mind to put things in proper perspective.
The real name of Swami Aseemanand is Naba Kumar Sarkar, and Bharat Mohanlal Rateshwar are out on bail while three others lodged in central prison in Hyderabad.
However, the NIA's investigation suffered a massive blow when 24 witnesses - the testimonies of many of whom were critical to the case - turned hostile.
Accused Swami Aseemanand was brought to court in Hyderabad earlier in the day.
CWG 2018: India finish penultimate day in ultimate fashion
It's a fourth Commonwealth Games medal for Heading who won gold and silver in Delhi in 2010 and silver in Glasgow in 2014. New Zealand triumphed in the women's decider, before Australia's men took gold in their match.